From players to viewers: the construction of the media spectacle in the e-sports context

José Agustín Carrillo Vera

Abstract

The emerging activity related to e-sports notes two significant facts: first; the video game used like a professional sports competition and; secondly; the fact that electronic sports do not involve only a change in the consumption of video games; but reinterpret their playful nature to become a true; professional sporting event. This work tries to establish a relationship between the spectacle of traditional sports and the electronic one. From that basis; the investigation sets out the similarities and differences between how traditional and electronic sports construct a mass spectacle. A state of the art to set an electronic sports ID is required. The academic corpus will help to delimit the identifying features of e-sports into four groups: formal organization; rules and playfield; capital investment and media treatment. The methodology moves between descriptive and qualitative; so that the defining characteristics of the phenomenon understood as a spectacle can be established. The results of the investigation allow affirming that the electronic sports spectacle adopts elements of traditional major sports; but also has some novel and unique elements; both of them (traditional and new features) forming the hallmarks of this new form of entertainment from the video game industry.

Keywords

e-sports; spectacularization; videogames; game studies; new media.
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