Trends and models of Media literacy in Europe: Between digital competence and critical understanding


  • José Manuel Pérez-Tornero
  • Oralia Paredes
  • Glòria Baena
  • Santiago Giraldo
  • Santiago Tejedor
  • Núria Fernández


This research focuses on models and strategies the EU has developed over the last decade in order to deal with these new and changing conditions. This is an important fact due to these strategies also have guided the actions of the European Union in promoting digital and media literacy. In order to understand how it has got to the current position in Europe, we identify and describe the models of literacy (digital and its gradual transformation in media literacy) that have emerged along more than a decade.


Digital literacy, media literacy, critical understanding, citizen participation




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